key concepts of geography


An island in a river or a lake island may be called an eyot or ait, or a holm. A chain or set of islands grouped together, A circular coral reef that encloses a shallow lagoon. Module leader: George Mavrommatis, Lecturer . Write. The coordinates 45°30′N 73°34′W define the absolute location of Montreal. The “Geography concepts” model (above) shows the six main concepts of the course, with the four key concepts of place, process, power, and possibility at the centre and the organizing concepts of scale and spatial interactions connecting them. PLAY. The study of geography covers a lot of ground, and, as such, has an extensive vocabulary. Get our latest COVID-19 advice. As per National Geographic, Geography is the study of places and the relationships between people and their environments. Regions are groupings of geographic information. The 1980 eruption of Mount Saint Helen affected an area far beyond the volcanic site with ash fallout reach across several states. The one concept that distinguishes geography from other fields is location, which is central to a GIS. Geographic features are visualized using a map which is a representation of reality. The word comes from the Latin paene insula, meaning “almost an island. Forces that shape the earth's surface. the Philippines. Molten rock that lies beneath the surface of the earth; once exposed, magma becomes lava. A detailed, large scale contour map showing human and physical features. The circulation of water between the atmosphere, streams and land, the ocean, and back to the atmosphere. Indonesia is the largest Archipelago in the world. The point on the earth's surface directly above the hypocenter, where the energy of an earthquake is first released. THEMES OF GEOGRAPHY • The study of geography includes specific topic such as landforms, climates, population and culture. Contemporary Geography Tools Where is North Dakota located in the United States Using coordinates to find an exact place Houston Metro Area 1:1,000,000 Relative location : _____ :: absolute location : _____ A directional terms…longitude and latitude B longitude and Unquestionably the two most famous are the Isthmus of Panama, connecting North and South America, and the Isthmus of Suez, connecting Africa and Asia. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atolls can be called islets, skerries, cays or keys. The 7 concepts of geography (SPICESS) STUDY. Conurbation. They have particular characteristics and features which can be the result of natural and/or cultural processes. Understand the location of features or events is the building blocks to geographic study, including using GIS for mapping and analysis. 1. . Flashcards. Geography and its concepts Geography may be studied by way of several interrelated approaches, i.e., systematically, regionally, descriptively, and analytically. A small, shallow body of water between a barrier island or a coral reef and the mainland, also a small body of water surrounded by an atoll. Spatial interaction is the cause and effect of an event in one region or area that affects another area and takes a look at the connectivity and relationships of features. It is unique in the reference literature as it provides in one volume concepts from both human geography and physical geography. A vernacular region (also known as a popular or perceptive region) is a geographic area that exists as part of a cultural or ethnic identity and therefore don’t adhere to political or formal regional boundaries. LocationPosition on the surface of the simply a position on the surface of the earth. We are curious about the distinctive character of places and peoples. The current theory that the continents of the earth move across the earth on giant tectonic plates. a map of a city or a neighborhood) but shows a greater amount of detail (e.g. only major highways and major rivers). Capes are narrow features that jut into a body of water. Location can be described in two ways: absolute and relative and answers the question of “Where is it?” Absolute describes the position of a feature or event in space, using some form of geographic coordinates. The Systematic approach organizes geographical knowledge into individual categories that are studied on a worldwide basis. a map of the world or of a continent) but shows more generalized features and less detail (e.g. Key Concepts in Development Geography - Ebook written by Rob Potter, Dennis Conway, Ruth Evans, Sally Lloyd-Evans. Learn. Also known as the Greenwich meridian because it was established at the Greenwich observatory near London. The relationship between distance on a map and on the earth's surface. Science of the earth's crust, strata, the origin of rocks, etc. In this article, we have discussed the basic concepts of Geography. It is also the description of such surface shapes and features (especially their depiction in maps). Others, such as Cape Hatteras in the U.S. state of North Carolina, are parts of islands. This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. A fracture in the rock where there has been movement and displacement. A city which is greater than two times the next largest city in a nation (or contains over one-third of a nation's population). Location can be of two types: absolute location and relative location. What is more, nearly everything can be assigned a geographic location. 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Examples are a customer service area for a restaurant delivery service or the school district for an elementary school. The Descriptive approach depicts where geographical features and populations are located. Any form of water that falls from the atmosphere to the surface of the earth (e.g. Geographical concepts for the Geography K–­10 syllabus. In this lesson, we will learn some of the key vocabulary and concepts necessary for the study of geography. Like bays, they often make excellent harbours. It is a narrow strip of land connecting two large land areas otherwise separated by the sea. Among the most important concepts are the five themes of geography. The beginning of autumn and spring, the two days each year when the sun is directly overhead at the equator. Its content covers an understanding of the physical reality we occupy and our transformations of environments into places that we find more comfortable to inhabit (although many such modifications often have negative long-term impacts). A large scale map shows a smaller geographic area (e.g. Zero degrees longitude. Key Concepts in Geography - Chapter Summary. The history of geography is the history of thinking about the concepts of environments, places, and spaces. Looks at how physical environment influences and is influenced by human activity. Periodic warming of the ocean waters in the eastern Pacific Ocean which affects global weather patterns. Part 1: Major Geographical Concepts Geographical concepts include location, place, scale, space, pattern, nature and society, networks, flows, regionalization, and globalization. The core concept behind the Spatial Tradition of geography relates to the in-depth analysis of the particulars of a place—such as the distribution of one aspect over an area—using quantitative techniques and tools that might include such things as computerized mapping and geographic information systems, spatial analysis and patterns, aerial distribution, densities, movement, and transportation. The calendar of the earth's history since it's birth 4.6 billion years ago; geologic time is divided into eras, epochs, and periods. In the former case, the location of a place is defined by its latitude and longitude or its exact address. Scale has both temporal and spatial perspectives. A grouping of geographically or geologically related islands is called an archipelago, e.g. An area which is marked common characteristics. Crater Lake, Oregon is a caldera and not a crater. • As the historians organize time the geographers organize space in much. The number of items per unit area, such as persons per square kilometre. A spherical model of the earth's surface that includes a map of the earth; also known as a terrestrial globe, The analogy used to describe the ability of gasses in the atmosphere to absorb heat from the earth's surface. The particular characteristics of an environment may be similar to and/or different from another. A graphic representation of the earth's surface. Regions can be based on physical features (such as a watershed), political boundaries (a county, country, or continent), culture or religion, or other categorized geographies. Spell. Module objectives: The course follows the “Introduction to Physical Geography” and aims to introduce key human geography concepts, essential for the main human geography courses such as economic, political, social and cultural geography. Caitlin Dempsey | July 11, 2013October 19, 2012 | GIS Learning. For example, the hurricane will hit landfall 30 miles north of Town A. The world’s largest peninsula is Arabia, covering about 1 million square miles (2.6 million square kilometres). Key Concepts in Geography explains the key terms - space, time, place, scale, landscape - that define the language of geography. Edited by Dr Rob Kitchen, Director of the National Institute of Regional and Spatial Analysis (NIRSA) at the National University of Ireland, the Key Concepts in Human Geography series is an innovative set of companion texts for undergraduate students of the Human Geography sub-disciplines. Created by. Terms in this set (7) Space. Geography Key Concepts In Geography Yeah, reviewing a book key concepts in geography could ensue your near contacts listings. The surface of the earth is composed of many large plates which slowly move around the planet, meeting and diverging, creating a variety of earthquakes, volcanoes, and mountains at their margins. Peninsulas are similar to capes. Formal regions are also known as homogenous or uniform region. A wind system in Southeast Asia which changes direction seasonally, creating wet and dry seasons. The Look of Maps: An Examination of Cartographic Design, Automatic and Efficient Data Logging of Weed Management Activities, The Use of Gravimetry Satellites for Measuring Ice and Sea Level Change, Machine Learning and Object Detection in Spatial Analysis, WebGIS Section 2: Overview of Tools and Technologies For WebGIS. There has been movement and displacement as understood, success does not suggest that you astounding! Lessons within this Chapter to understand key concepts in geography - Chapter.... Interaction between one another for you to be smaller than peninsulas is out the way geographical... 'S surface expressed by a coordinate system such as the Greenwich meridian it. The Pacific ocean which affects global weather patterns meets the sea simply a position on the surface a. A formal region share one or more common traits such as ‘ weather ’ or ‘ ’... 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